A full moon occurs when the transit (moving) Sun and Moon are exactly opposing one another in the zodiac. It tends to signal a time of endings, culminations, and things coming to fruition. A new moon occurs when when the transit Sun and Moon are in the exact same spot in the zodiac. It tends to signal a time of new opportunities, growth, and optimism.
January 9th 2012 Full Moon in Cancer
A full moon occurs on January 9th at 2:30AM ET at 18 degrees 25 minutes of Cancer. Cancer rules the home and family. This is a good Moon to finish projects at home that have been taking some time or you've started but put off finishing. Dust off the hammer! Resolve any issues with the family at this time, and get things off your chest with them. If you need to cut ties, you can cut them now. A full moon in a water sign is more emotional, so we'll all be feeling a little more moody and touchy than normal. You know the joke that everyone's a little crazier during full moons? Watch your grumpy tone, and don't take other people's grumpiness to heart. Those with a Cancer Sun or Moon between 16 and 20 degrees or Cancer rising will likely feel the effects of this Moon most.
January 23rd 2012 New Moon in Aquarius
A new moon occurs on January 23rd at 2:39AM ET at 2 degrees 41 minutes of Aquarius. This is the perfect time to do something on a whim that's totally different from what you'd normally do. Aquarius loves making a big change to flip things upside-down. This is a good Moon to get involved in causes, so do something for charity. You can also join a group during this Moon, as Aquarius rules group activities. This Moon squares a retrograding Jupiter, so we may not be feeling as optimistic as normal (or, we may be feeling *too* optimistic). This Moon also sextiles Uranus, the ruler of Aquarius, so it's a Moon at home with itself, and it's a great time to really play up what it rules. Those with an Aquarius Sun or Moon between 0 and 4 degrees or a late Capricorn/early Aquarius rising will likely feel the effects of this Moon most.